In Japan, trains are operated according to the schedule set in minutes. If a train gets delayed, the railway company will issue a certificate of delay at the stations. Japan is very strict in punctuality.
In Japan, it is customary to strictly observe the assemble time and start time. Delay tends to be viewed as one of the critical "mistakes" that greatly reduce the reputation of students or employees in the schools and the society.
In the case of NARO, the regular work hours range from 8:30 am to 5:15 pm. The lunch break is from 12:00 to 1:00 p.m. Flexible time systems are also being introduced in Japan as well as in NARO. The employees must notify the supervisors and get approval in advance when they come to the office after the prescribed time or leave the office before the prescribed time. Most stores and restaurants, not limited to companies, strictly adhere to opening and closing times.
Deadlines for submissions are also strict in the companies and the schools. After the deadline, the documents or the applications are invalidated and are unaccepted usually.